Who Does Each Member Of The House Represent?

What can the Senate do that the house cant?

The House has several powers assigned exclusively to it, including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an electoral college tie.

The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President’s appointments that require consent, and to ratify treaties..

How are house seats determined?

Under Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution, seats in the House of Representatives are apportioned among the states by population, as determined by the census conducted every ten years. Each state is entitled to at least one representative, however small its population.

Who makes up House of Representatives?

The House of Representatives is made up of 435 elected members, divided among the 50 states in proportion to their total population.

Why there are 435 members of the House of Representatives?

Because the House wanted a manageable number of members, Congress twice set the size of the House at 435 voting members. The first law to do so was passed on August 8, 1911. … Finally, in 1929 the Permanent Apportionment Act became law. It permanently set the maximum number of representatives at 435.

What degrees do senators have?

The Congressional Research Service notes that the vast majority of Members (95 percent) had an academic degree:168 Representatives and 57 Senators had a law degree. … 83 Representatives and 16 Senators earned a master’s degree – often a Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) – as their highest educational degree.More items…

How Congress is elected?

Both senators and representatives are chosen through direct election, though vacancies in the Senate may be filled by a governor’s appointment. Congress has 535 voting members: 100 senators and 435 representatives. … The members of the House of Representatives are elected for the two-year term of a congress.

How much do senators make per year?

Senate Salaries (1789 to Present)YearsSalary2017$174,000 per annum2018$174,000 per annum2019$174,000 per annum2020$174,000 per annum54 more rows

What does NV mean in House vote?

The fourth column (Pres.) has the number of Members who voted ‘present’ and did not vote yes or no. The fifth column (NV) has the number of Members of the House who did not vote.

What are three requirements to become a senator?

The Constitution sets three qualifications for service in the U.S. Senate: age (at least thirty years of age); U.S. citizenship (at least nine years); and residency in the state a senator represents at time of election.

What determines the number of congressional seats per state?

“Apportionment” is the process of dividing the 435 memberships, or seats, in the House of Representatives among the 50 states. The Census Bureau conducts the census at 10-year intervals. At the conclusion of each census, the results are used to calculate the number of House memberships to which each state is entitled.

Can the House pass a bill without the Senate?

Ultimately, a law can only be passed if both the Senate and the House of Representatives introduce, debate, and vote on similar pieces of legislation. … After the conference committee resolves any differences between the House and Senate versions of the bill, each chamber must vote again to approve the final bill text.

How is representation determined in each house?

The Constitution provides for proportional representation in the U.S. House of Representatives and the seats in the House are apportioned based on state population according to the constitutionally mandated Census.

What qualifies a person to run for the House of Representatives?

The Constitution requires that Members of the House be at least 25 years old, have been a U.S. citizen for at least seven years, and live in the state they represent (though not necessarily the same district).

What happens if a bill passed the House but not the Senate?

If either chamber does not pass the bill then it dies. If the House and Senate pass the same bill then it is sent to the President. If the House and Senate pass different bills they are sent to Conference Committee. Most major legislation goes to a Conference Committee.

Which power is shared by the Senate and the House of Representatives?

The two houses share other powers, many of which are listed in Article I, Section 8. These include the power to declare war, coin money, raise an army and navy, regulate commerce, establish rules of immigration and naturalization, and establish the federal courts and their jurisdictions.

Why was paper money not valued by the states?

Why was paper money not valued by the states after the American Revolution? It was not backed by gold or silver and was considered worthless.

How many citizens did each member of the House represent?

Based on the 1787 national population, each House Member in the First Federal Congress (1789–1791) represented 30,000 citizens. As U.S. territory expanded and the population grew, the Membership of House of Representatives increased and individual Members’ constituencies were enlarged.

How did the Constitution originally apportion House seats in Congress?

How did the Constitution originally apportion House seats in Congress? A state received one representative for every 30,000 citizens. You just studied 22 terms!

How many representatives does each state get?

Each state sends two Senators to represent their state in the U.S. Senate. However, in the House of Representatives, a state’s representation is based on its population. For example, smaller states like Vermont and Delaware have one representative while large states like California have 53 representatives.

What states have the most representatives?

Districts per state State with the most: California (53), same as in 2000. States with the fewest (only one district “at-large”): Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont and Wyoming. Alaska and Wyoming are the only states that have never had more than one district.

What are the 3 main roles of the House of Representatives?

Also referred to as a congressman or congresswoman, each representative is elected to a two-year term serving the people of a specific congressional district. Among other duties, representatives introduce bills and resolutions, offer amendments and serve on committees.

What branch is Congress?

legislative branchThe legislative branch includes Congress and the agencies that support its work.

Do you have to be born here to be a senator?

The president is constitutionally required to be natural born, but foreign–born senators need only nine years of U.S. citizenship to qualify for office. Constitutional qualifications to be a senator are specified in Article I, section 3.

How many senators does each state get?

The Constitution prescribes that the Senate be composed of two senators from each State (therefore, the Senate currently has 100 Members) and that a senator must be at least thirty years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for nine years, and, when elected, be a resident of the State from which he or she …

What happens when a senator is censored?

Members of Congress who have been censured are required to give up any committee chairs they hold. Like a reprimand, a censure does not remove a member from their office so they retain their title, stature, and power to vote. There are also no legal consequences that come with a reprimand or censure.

What principle ensures that one branch of government does not become more powerful than the others?

Checks and Balances systemSeparation of Powers in the United States is associated with the Checks and Balances system. The Checks and Balances system provides each branch of government with individual powers to check the other branches and prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful.

How much does a US congressman earn?

Salaries of members of the United States CongressPositionSalarySenators and House Representatives$174,000Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico$174,000President pro tempore of the Senate$193,400Majority leader and minority leader of the Senate$193,4003 more rows

What is difference between senator and congressman?

For this reason, and in order to distinguish who is a member of which house, a member of the Senate is typically referred to as Senator (followed by “name” from “state”), and a member of the House of Representatives is usually referred to as Congressman or Congresswoman (followed by “name” from the “number” district of …