What Is Responsible For Gerrymandering Quizlet?

Who invented gerrymandering?

The word was created in reaction to a redrawing of Massachusetts state senate election districts under Governor Elbridge Gerry, later Vice President of the United States.

Gerry, who personally disapproved of the practice, signed a bill that redistricted Massachusetts for the benefit of the Democratic-Republican Party..

Where did the term gerrymandering originate?

“Gerrymandering” was named for Elbridge Gerry, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. As Governor of Massachusetts (1810–1812), Gerry approved a redistricting plan for the state senate that gave the political advantage to Republicans.

Who is responsible for drawing the congressional district boundaries quizlet?

United States Congress is made up of two houses, which is the Senate and the House of Representatives. In most states, the state legislature draws the boundary lines for each congressional election district. The process of setting up new district lines after reapportionment has been completed is called redistricting.

Is there gerrymandering in Canada?

Because electoral district boundaries are proposed by an arms-length body, rather than directly by political parties themselves, gerrymandering is not generally seen as an issue in Canada.

Why is gerrymandering important quizlet?

What is the importance of redistricting? In a good redistricting process, it is in important because it can allow equal representation and allow communities to give input. But often times, redistricting is done in order to keep political units within a single district to favor a specific party.

What is responsible for gerrymandering?

In 25 states, the state legislature has primary responsibility for creating a redistricting plan, in many cases subject to approval by the state governor.

Who is responsible for gerrymandering congressional districts quizlet?

Who is responsible for creating districts? The party controlling the legislature controls the redistricting process. Statisticians and geographers use computer graphing to assist legislatures.

What exactly is gerrymandering quizlet?

gerrymandering. The drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent.

What is gerrymandering and how is it used quizlet?

the act of redrawing the lines of a congressional district district to give one political party a voting advantage over another.

What is gerrymandering in simple terms?

Gerrymandering is when a political group tries to change a voting district to create a result that helps them or hurts the group who is against them. It is named after Elbridge Gerry (1744-1814) of the Democratic-Republican Party, which later coalesced into the modern Democratic Party.

What is gerrymandering effect on elections quizlet?

Gerrymandering impacts the presidential election by affecting state races and House of Representative races. It does not affect senatorial races or presidential races as districts do not matter in those kinds of races. It is most commonly seen in elections for the House of Representatives.

What is the difference between partisan and racial gerrymandering quizlet?

Gerrymandering is drawing district lines for political advantage. Partisan gerrymandering does not violate federal court standards for “equal protection” under the 14th amendment. … Affirmative racial gerrymandering is drawing district boundary lines to maximize minority representation.

Why is gerrymandering good quizlet?

Protects incumbents and discourages challengers. Strengthens majority party while weakening minority party. You just studied 3 terms!

Who is responsible for redistricting quizlet?

Terms in this set (101) The responsibility for redrawing. House election districts called redistricting rests with the respective state legislatures. When redistricting, the majority party in the state legislature places enough of its party’s voters in its incumbents’ districts to ensure their reelection.

Does gerrymandering still happen?

The majority opinion stated that extreme partisan gerrymandering is still unconstitutional, but it is up to Congress and state legislative bodies to find ways to restrict that, such as through the use of independent redistricting commissions.

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