Quick Answer: How Is Congress Made Up?

What are the 3 parts of Congress?

Legislative—Makes laws (Congress, comprised of the House of Representatives and Senate) Executive—Carries out laws (president, vice president, Cabinet, most federal agencies) Judicial—Evaluates laws (Supreme Court and other courts).

What is the difference between the Congress and the Senate?

Another difference is who they represent. Senators represent their entire states, but members of the House represent individual districts. … Today, Congress consists of 100 senators (two from each state) and 435 voting members of the House of Representatives.

What is the structure and makeup of Congress?

The Congress of the United States, the nation’s lawmaking body, is made up of two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate. The main power of Congress, as set forth in the U.S. Constitution, is to make laws that, when signed by the president, become the law of the land, governing American life.

Which branch of government has the most power?

CongressThe most important power of Congress is its legislative authority; with its ability to pass laws in areas of national policy. The laws that Congress creates are called statutory law. Most of the laws which are passed down by Congress apply to the public, and on some cases private laws.

Which is the best form of government?

democracyOverall, democracy is the best form of government, because it is morally the most justifiable, although democratic governments today can be improved.

How are members of Congress chosen?

Members of Congress in both houses are elected by direct popular vote. Senators are elected via a statewide vote and representatives by voters in each congressional district. Congressional districts are apportioned to the states, once every ten years, based on population figures from the most recent nationwide census.

Who is Congress in the United States?

The United States Congress or U.S. Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States and consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Congress meets in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.

Who serves as the president of the Senate?

President of the Senate: Vice President of the United States Under the Constitution, the vice president serves as the president of the Senate and presides over the Senate’s daily proceedings. In the absence of the vice president, the Senate’s president pro tempore (and others designated by them) presides.

Is Congress the only branch that can declare war?

Learn more about the powers of the Legislative Branch of the federal government of the United States. … The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject many Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers.

What can the Senate do that the house cant?

The House has several powers assigned exclusively to it, including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an electoral college tie. … The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President’s appointments that require consent, and to ratify treaties.

What are the 7 forms of government?

Terms in this set (7)Democracy. A government where the majority makes the decisions by voting.Republic. A government where people choose other people to make decisions for us.Communism. A government where people are all “equal”.Autocracy. A government where one person makes all the rules.Oligarchy. … Theocracy. … Fascism.

What are the 3 forms of government?

To ensure a separation of powers, the U.S. Federal Government is made up of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial.

Which branch can declare war?

The Constitution grants Congress the sole power to declare war.

Why is the United States Congress divided into two houses?

To balance the interests of both the small and large states, the Framers of the Constitution divided the power of Congress between the two houses. Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.

What is the role of the US Congress?

Through legislative debate and compromise, the U.S. Congress makes laws that influence our daily lives. It holds hearings to inform the legislative process, conducts investigations to oversee the executive branch, and serves as the voice of the people and the states in the federal government.

Can a president declare war without Congress?

It provides that the president can send the U.S. Armed Forces into action abroad only by declaration of war by Congress, “statutory authorization,” or in case of “a national emergency created by attack upon the United States, its territories or possessions, or its armed forces.”

Who is the only person that can declare war?

The Constitution of the United States divides the war powers of the federal government between the Executive and Legislative branches: the President is the Commander in Chief of the armed forces (Article II, section 2), while Congress has the power to make declarations of war, and to raise and support the armed forces …

What are the three qualifications to become a senator?

The Constitution sets three qualifications for service in the U.S. Senate: age (at least thirty years of age); U.S. citizenship (at least nine years); and residency in the state a senator represents at time of election.

Who are senators elected by?

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.

Why does the United States have a bicameral Congress?

Bicameral legislatures are intended to provide representation at the central or federal level of government for both the individual citizens of the country, as well as the legislative bodies of country’s states or other political subdivisions.

Who is the most senior US senator?

The most senior senator, Patrick Leahy, did not reach the 40-year mark until January 3, 2015. From November 7, 1996, when Strom Thurmond reached the 40-year mark during the 104th Congress, until Daniel Inouye died on December 17, 2012, there was always at least one senator who had served for 40 years.