Question: Whats The Difference Between The House And The Senate?

What happens if a bill passed the House but not the Senate?

If either chamber does not pass the bill then it dies.

If the House and Senate pass the same bill then it is sent to the President.

If the House and Senate pass different bills they are sent to Conference Committee..

What power does the US Senate have?

The Senate shares full legislative power with the House of Representatives. In addition, the Senate has exclusive authority to approve–or reject–presidential nominations to executive and judicial offices, and to provide–or withhold–its “advice and consent” to treaties negotiated by the executive.

Who is the leader of the lower house?

United States House of RepresentativesMajority LeaderSteny Hoyer (D) since January 3, 2019Minority LeaderKevin McCarthy (R) since January 3, 2019Majority WhipJim Clyburn (D) since January 3, 2019Minority WhipSteve Scalise (R) since January 3, 201928 more rows

Which house is known as the lower chamber?

Congress is made up of two houses, just the way most of the state legislatures are made up. The upper house is called the Senate, and the lower house is called the House of Representatives. Men and women who belong to the House of Representatives are called representatives.

What are the four powers of the Senate?

The Senate takes action on bills, resolutions, amendments, motions, nominations, and treaties by voting. Senators vote in a variety of ways, including roll call votes, voice votes, and unanimous consent.

Does Congress mean both House and Senate?

Established by Article I of the Constitution, the Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States Congress.

What is the role of the House of Senate?

The Senate fulfils its role as a check on government by scrutinising bills, delegated legislation, government administration, and government policy in general. It does this by way of procedures utilised in the Senate chamber itself and through the operation of the Senate committee system.

Who runs the Senate and the House?

January 3, 2021: 117th Congress officially begins, with Democrats controlling the House, and Republicans in charge of the Senate.

Can the House pass a bill without the Senate?

Ultimately, a law can only be passed if both the Senate and the House of Representatives introduce, debate, and vote on similar pieces of legislation. … After the conference committee resolves any differences between the House and Senate versions of the bill, each chamber must vote again to approve the final bill text.

What is the lower house and upper house?

The Lok Sabha, or House of the People, is the lower house of India’s bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.

What are the main differences between the two houses of Congress?

To balance the interests of both the small and large states, the Framers of the Constitution divided the power of Congress between the two houses. Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.

Which house is more powerful and why?

Hence Lok Sabha is more powerful as it contains the members who were directly elected by the people and they are considered to be the direct representatives of the State. Thus Lok Sabha, the lower house of the parliament is more powerful and the strongest house than Rajya Sabha i.e. upper house.

How many Senate votes does it take to remove the president?

In the case of presidential impeachment trials, the chief justice of the United States presides. The Constitution requires a two-thirds vote of the Senate to convict, and the penalty for an impeached official upon conviction is removal from office.

Who is the most senior US senator?

The most senior senator, Patrick Leahy, did not reach the 40-year mark until January 3, 2015. From November 7, 1996, when Strom Thurmond reached the 40-year mark during the 104th Congress, until Daniel Inouye died on December 17, 2012, there was always at least one senator who had served for 40 years.

How do the Senate and House work together?

First, a representative sponsors a bill. The bill is then assigned to a committee for study. … Finally, a conference committee made of House and Senate members works out any differences between the House and Senate versions of the bill. The resulting bill returns to the House and Senate for final approval.

What can the Senate do that the house cant?

The House has several powers assigned exclusively to it, including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an electoral college tie. … The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President’s appointments that require consent, and to ratify treaties.

Why is the Senate called the Upper House and the House of Representatives the lower house?

The Senate has 100 members and is the upper house of the United States Congress. It is called the upper house because it has fewer members than the House of Representatives and has powers not granted to the House, such as giving approval to appointments of Cabinet secretaries and federal judges.

Can the Senate reject a House bill?

Bills may be introduced by any member of either house. … Nevertheless, while the Senate cannot originate revenue and appropriation bills, it does retain the power to amend or reject them.

How many senators USA have?

The Constitution prescribes that the Senate be composed of two senators from each State (therefore, the Senate currently has 100 Members) and that a senator must be at least thirty years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for nine years, and, when elected, be a resident of the State from which he or she …

What are the two parts of the United States Congress?

Congress is composed of two parts: the Senate and the House of Representatives.

Is the Senate more powerful than the House?

The Senate is widely considered both a more deliberative and more prestigious body than the House of Representatives due to its longer terms, smaller size, and statewide constituencies, which historically led to a more collegial and less partisan atmosphere.

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