Question: What Is The Difference Between The Congress And The Senate?

Can the House pass a bill without the Senate?

Ultimately, a law can only be passed if both the Senate and the House of Representatives introduce, debate, and vote on similar pieces of legislation.

After the conference committee resolves any differences between the House and Senate versions of the bill, each chamber must vote again to approve the final bill text..

What power does the VP have in the Senate?

Other than to succeed to the presidency upon the death or resignation of a president, a vice president’s only constitutional duty is to preside over the Senate. Vice presidents cannot vote in the Senate, except to break a tie, nor may they formally address the Senate, except with the senators’ permission.

Is the House of Representatives bigger than the Senate?

The House of Representatives has 435 voting Members and five Delegates, each serving a two year term, and one Resident Commissioner who serves for four years. The House of Representatives is referred to as the lower house of the United States Congress, because it has more Members than the Senate.

What branch is Congress?

legislative branchThe legislative branch includes Congress and the agencies that support its work.

What can the Senate do that the house cant?

The House has several powers assigned exclusively to it, including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an electoral college tie. … The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President’s appointments that require consent, and to ratify treaties.

Which branch can declare war?

The Constitution grants Congress the sole power to declare war.

How is US Congress elected?

Members of Congress in both houses are elected by direct popular vote. Senators are elected via a statewide vote and representatives by voters in each congressional district. … Each of the 100 members of the Senate is elected to serve a six-year term representing the people of their state.

What is the difference between the two houses of Congress?

Congress is divided into two institutions: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The two houses of Congress have equal but unique roles in the federal government. … Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.

Why is Congress the most powerful branch?

The most important power of Congress is its legislative authority; with its ability to pass laws in areas of national policy. The laws that Congress creates are called statutory law. Most of the laws which are passed down by Congress apply to the public, and on some cases private laws.

Why does the United States have a bicameral Congress?

Bicameral legislatures are intended to provide representation at the central or federal level of government for both the individual citizens of the country, as well as the legislative bodies of country’s states or other political subdivisions.

Is the Congress and the Senate the same thing?

The U.S. Senate, together with the U.S. House of Representatives, makes up the U.S. Congress. The Senate holds certain unique powers and obligations.

Who is the Senate led by?

The titular, non-partisan leaders of the Senate itself are the Vice President of the United States, who serves as President of the Senate, and the President pro tempore, the seniormost member of the majority, who theoretically presides in the absence of the Vice President.

What happens if a bill passed the House but not the Senate?

If either chamber does not pass the bill then it dies. If the House and Senate pass the same bill then it is sent to the President. If the House and Senate pass different bills they are sent to Conference Committee. Most major legislation goes to a Conference Committee.

Does Congress or Senate make laws?

Congress is the legislative branch of the federal government and makes laws for the nation. Congress has two legislative bodies or chambers: the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives. Anyone elected to either body can propose a new law. A bill is a proposal for a new law.

How many senators USA have?

The Constitution prescribes that the Senate be composed of two senators from each State (therefore, the Senate currently has 100 Members) and that a senator must be at least thirty years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for nine years, and, when elected, be a resident of the State from which he or she …

Who is the current leader of the Senate?

Mitch McConnellChuck SchumerUnited States Senate/Leaders

What are the 3 forms of government?

To ensure a separation of powers, the U.S. Federal Government is made up of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial.

How is Congress made up?

Established by Article I of the Constitution, the Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States Congress. … The House of Representatives is made up of 435 elected members, divided among the 50 states in proportion to their total population.