Question: What Are Key Differences Between The Two Houses Of Congress?

What is the difference between a senator and congressman?

For this reason, and in order to distinguish who is a member of which house, a member of the Senate is typically referred to as Senator (followed by “name” from “state”), and a member of the House of Representatives is usually referred to as Congressman or Congresswoman (followed by “name” from the “number” district of ….

What do the 2 houses of Congress do?

We the People of the United States… As per the Constitution, the U.S. House of Representatives makes and passes federal laws. The House is one of Congress’s two chambers (the other is the U.S. Senate), and part of the federal government’s legislative branch.

Who is considered a member of Congress?

Members of the Senate are referred to as senators; members of the House of Representatives are referred to as representatives, congresswomen, or congressmen.

Is the House of Representatives also called Congress?

The United States House of Representatives is a part of the United States (U. S.) Congress. Congress is the legislature of the U. S. government and makes federal laws. The other part of Congress is the U. S. Senate. … Sometimes the House of Representatives is informally called the House.

What is the difference between House and Senate?

House members must be twenty-five years of age and citizens for seven years. Senators are at least thirty years old and citizens for nine years. Another difference is who they represent. … Today, Congress consists of 100 senators (two from each state) and 435 voting members of the House of Representatives.

Why are there currently 435 members in the House of Representatives?

Because the House wanted a manageable number of members, Congress twice set the size of the House at 435 voting members. The first law to do so was passed on August 8, 1911. President William H. Taft signed legislation increasing the membership of the House from 391 to 433.

What is one difference between the two houses of Congress?

Congress is divided into two institutions: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The two houses of Congress have equal but unique roles in the federal government. … Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.

What are the main differences in the legislative process between the two houses of Congress quizlet?

What are the main differences in the legislative process between the two houses of Congress? the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate is sometimes called the upper chamber and the House the lower chamber because the Founders thought that different sorts of people would be elected to these two bodies.

How are upper house members elected?

It currently has a maximum membership of 245, of which 233 are elected by the legislatures of the states and union territories using single transferable votes through Open Ballot while the President can appoint 12 members for their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services.

What are the two houses called?

The legislative branch of the U.S. government is called Congress. Congress has two parts, the Senate and the House of Representatives. Congress meets in the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, DC.

Why does the United States have a bicameral Congress?

Bicameral legislatures are intended to provide representation at the central or federal level of government for both the individual citizens of the country, as well as the legislative bodies of country’s states or other political subdivisions.

Why is Senate called the Upper House?

The Senate has 100 members and is the upper house of the United States Congress. It is called the upper house because it has fewer members than the House of Representatives and has powers not granted to the House, such as giving approval to appointments of Cabinet secretaries and federal judges.

What are the specific steps in the federal and state impeachment process quizlet?

Terms in this set (10) Judiciary committee votes on whether to authorize a formal impeachment inquiry. Judiciary committee investigates whether to offer articles of impeachment to the House of Representatives. If approved the articles of impeachment go to the Senate for trial. Impeachment vote in the Senate.

What was the scale of representation in the House of Representatives when the Constitution was ratified?

The Constitution does not set the size of the House, but it does require that each state’s representation be proportionate to its population. The First Congress, elected in 1788, included just 65 members of the House.

Which branch of gov can declare war?

The Constitution grants Congress the sole power to declare war. Congress has declared war on 11 occasions, including its first declaration of war with Great Britain in 1812.

Are there different types of senators?

The 100 US Senate seats are classified into three classes of United States senators, two of which (classes 1 and 2) consist of 33 seats and one (class 3) of 34 seats. … The three classes were established by Article I, Section 3, Clause 2 of the U.S. Constitution.More items…

Does a bill go to the Senate or House first?

First, a representative sponsors a bill. The bill is then assigned to a committee for study. If released by the committee, the bill is put on a calendar to be voted on, debated or amended. If the bill passes by simple majority (218 of 435), the bill moves to the Senate.