Question: What Are 4 Ethical Theories?

What are the 12 principles of ethical values?

while your character is determined and defined by your actions (i.e., whether your actions are honorable and ethical according to the 12 ethical principles:HONESTY.

Be honest in all communications and actions.

INTEGRITY.PROMISE-KEEPING.LOYALTY.

FAIRNESS.

CARING.RESPECT FOR OTHERS.LAW ABIDING.More items…•Jan 13, 2015.

What are the 3 main theories of ethics?

These three theories of ethics (utilitarian ethics, deontological ethics, virtue ethics) form the foundation of normative ethics conversations.

What are 3 types of ethics?

The three major types of ethics are deontological, teleological and virtue-based.

What is a utilitarianism?

Utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action (or type of action) is right if it tends to promote happiness or pleasure and wrong if it tends to produce unhappiness or …

What are the five 5 main principles of ethics?

Moral Principles The five principles, autonomy, justice, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and fidelity are each absolute truths in and of themselves. By exploring the dilemma in regards to these principles one may come to a better understanding of the conflicting issues.

What’s the difference between ethics and morals?

According to this understanding, “ethics” leans towards decisions based upon individual character, and the more subjective understanding of right and wrong by individuals – whereas “morals” emphasises the widely-shared communal or societal norms about right and wrong.

What are the 9 ethical theories?

Theories of Morality(2) Cultural Relativism.(3) Ethical Egoism.(4) Divine Command Theory.(5) Virtue Ethics.(6) Feminist Ethics.(7) Utilitarianism.(8) Kantian Theory.(9) Rights-based Theories.More items…

What is a Metaethical theory?

Metaethics is the study of moral thought and moral language. … The metaethicist is interested in whether there can be knowledge of moral truths, or only moral feelings and attitudes, and asks how we understand moral discourse as compared with other forms of speech and writing.

What is wrong with utilitarianism?

Perhaps the greatest difficulty with utilitarianism is that it fails to take into account considerations of justice. … Given its insistence on summing the benefits and harms of all people, utilitarianism asks us to look beyond self-interest to consider impartially the interests of all persons affected by our actions.

What are the 10 ethical principles?

of principles incorporate the characteristics and values that most people associate with ethical behavior.HONESTY. … INTEGRITY. … PROMISE-KEEPING & TRUSTWORTHINESS. … LOYALTY. … FAIRNESS. … CONCERN FOR OTHERS. … RESPECT FOR OTHERS. … LAW ABIDING.More items…

What are the main theories in ethics?

The normative ethical theories that are briefly covered in this chapter are:Utilitarianism.Deontology.Virtue ethics.Ethics of care.Egoism.Religion or divine command theory.Natural Law.Social contract theory.More items…

What are ethical theories?

Ethical Theories are attempts to provide a clear, unified account of what our ethical obligations are. They are attempts, in other words, to tell a single “story” about what we are obligated to do, without referring directly to specific examples.

What are the two main branches of ethical theories?

Ethical Theory, which is our focus, is the investigation of the competing moral theories that have been proposed by philosophers since the 7th Century BCE. It divides into two main sub-branches: Normative Ethics and Metaethics.

What are the eight main theories of ethics?

‘ The following chapters analyse the answers provided by eight different theories of ethics: egoism, hedonism, naturalism and virtue theory, existentialism, Kantianism, utilitarianism, contractualism and religion.

What are the 7 principles of leadership?

Seven leadership principles to followBelief in the purpose.Taking full responsibility.The ability to move on and forgive.Humility.Optimistic and realistic.Value others’ opinions, confidence in your own.Self-acceptance.Jun 10, 2019

What are the 5 ethical theories?

Here, we take a brief look at (1) utilitarianism, (2) deontology, (3) social justice and social contract theory, and (4) virtue theory.

What are the 7 principles of ethics?

There are seven principles that form the content grounds of our teaching framework:Non-maleficence. … Beneficence. … Health maximisation. … Efficiency. … Respect for autonomy. … Justice. … Proportionality.Oct 7, 2014

What is the best ethical theory?

UtilitarianismUtilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number. It is the only moral framework that can be used to justify military force or war.

What is Plato’s ethical theory?

Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.

What are your ethics in life?

Honesty, caring and compassion, integrity, and personal responsibility are values that can help you behave ethically when faced with ethical dilemmas in your personal life. The following illustrates the application of these values and ethical reasoning in real life issues and issues you may face personally.

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